Due to increasing awareness about importance of halal among consumer and positioning of its as economic powerhouse by the government, halal certificate is becoming common, a default requirement for OIC countries. Halal Certification first came to into existence in 1970’s and 1980’s in South East Asia. Consumer in Malaysia and Indonesia were concerned that some of the products available in the market were produced using lard or pig fat. The pressure from public lead to development of government authorities in these countries to oversee, control and ensure that the products are halal. From the beginning of this century, there has been a boom in this industry with more countries developing their own standard, regulations and/or certification as well diversification of this field into new sectors.
Meat and meat derivatives are not the only products that requires Halal Certificates or has Halal Regulations or Standards. Food products other than meat & meat derivatives, beverages, personal care and in some countries, pharmaceuticals as well are covered in Halal Standards & Regulations. And Halal Certification is gradually becoming mandatory for these products as well, either directly or indirectly through claims, logo and other methods.
Ingredients, production process, processing aids and environment are the major factors affecting the compliance with the Halal Regulations and eventually the Halal Certification.
Presently, there are multiple Halal Standards & Regulations that has been developed or adopted and implemented or followed by numerous countries across the globe, each varying from others either in requirement or implementation.
In addition to this there are more than 400 Halal Certification Body all over the world but only approximately 30% of these are authentic and recognized from one or the other appropriate authorities but not necessarily from all the authorities.
The control of authorities over the Halal Certification Bodies is in nascent stage and hence there are numerous Halal Certification Body issuing non-approved, non-recognized or non-accredited certificates.
Sum of these has created confusion, misinterpretation and chaos regarding understanding & implementation of Halal Standards & Regulations as well as misuse of Halal Certification. And this, most often than not, has led to rejection or hold up at port, backlash in public, scrutiny by the authorities thus resulting in loss of time, resources and brand image of the companies.